How to Plant a Healthy Tree
After selecting the right tree and the best location, these are the steps for planting a healthy tree:
The hole should be 2-3 times the size of the rootball.
Plant it with the root flare at or several inches above ground level.
If it's a ball and burlap tree, remove the pinning nails and pull the burlap and wire cage back as much as possible. Cutaway as much wire as possible.
If it's a containerized tree, feather out the roots for better soil contact.
If it's a bare root tree, create a small mound underneath to support the trunk.
Backfill halfway and add water. Then complete the backfill and water again.
When you backfill, DO NOT tamp the soil down with your feet as it compacts the soil and makes it difficult for roots to spread.
Do not pile up mulch around the trunk of the tree (volcano mulching). Make a round berm of mulch around the planting hole to direct water towards the tree roots.
Water the tree very well after planting and then every few days. Water at least once a week if there is no rain.